When learning English, it is important to learn grammar. Grammar is important because it is the key point that makes it possible for us to speak or write English in the right order and express ourselves clearly. It is the way in which sentences are structured and the language is formatted. In order to learn English grammar, we have to focus on one grammar and practice it until we can easily use it. Many people think grammar learning is too boring to insist on learning. But repeated practice is the only way to study correct grammar. If you don’t practice each grammar over and over at the beginning, the following learning will cost you more time and effort.As is mentioned before, taking English grammar exercises is critical.

The next problem is how to do grammar exercises. There are many ways to do exercises, which include read books, take curriculum about English grammar, surf the Internet to find materials about English grammar exercises and discuss grammar with other learners in some forums.

Reading grammar books and taking some tests is the basic way to practice grammar, which applies to everyone. We just need to go to the bookshops or library looking for a

Go to any online or offline bookstore searching for an English Spanish dictionary and you will very soon be overwhelmed with the sheer number of dictionaries you have to choose from. Anybody not knowing a few tricks in choosing the best dictionary for them could end up blindly choosing a dictionary based on what looks could from the outside or some other unimportant factor.

Well, that is probably the worst way to choose an English Spanish dictionary. Merely looking at the cover of a dictionary or even flipping through the pages of a dictionary will not tell you everything you need to know about the positives and negatives of that particular dictionary.

In order to choose the best English Spanish dictionary available for you, it’s important to know of a few important things to look for so that you’re not stuck with one that won’t help you in the way you need it to.

Before you even look for a dictionary online or at your local bookstore, you need to do some research and decide why you need a dictionary and what you’re going to use it for. As I said before, there are all different kinds of English Spanish dictionaries, and some

What will be your criteria to decide whether you are choosing a good educational toy after seeing one? Educational videos, software, Chemistry Kits, Telescope, flash- cards all are known to be the science toys, so which will work more appropriately for your child? According to the theoretical aspects followed by experts, the easiest way to know the solutions is to find out whether the toys are promoting any convergent or divergent thought process of the children? If you are not aware of the two terminologies, then let’s have a discussion for the same.

Convergent Thinking

Ability to tackle things having only one predefined answer by learning the facts and guidelines to move upon for reaching to that answer! This is to develop fundamentals of your child by making them learn the way of reaching to a unified solution, with the help of the given instructions. This will create opportunities related to education in children for giving their best performances in the tests and multiple choice exams.Some Examples can be given here for proving my point: Jigsaw puzzles are designed to have only one correct solution and that can be solved in one way only, mathematical flash- cards are defined to have one correct

At times, writing an English paper can easily make students feel discouraged, which will cause them to lose self-confidence in their capability to write. Therefore, lots of pupils will benefits if they hire an English tutor.

Here are several ways an English tutor can assist students succeed in class:

1. First of all, quite often students may require a tutor to discuss a course they’ve been learning in class or perhaps a topic which they’ve been studying. A kid can usually benefit from an English tutor that is able to assist them process and also collect their thoughts, organize and then help sorting out their notes.

2. The English tutor will be able to guide the pupil in methodically creating an essay outline. Making use of the information that he / she has organized, the pupil and the tutor can produce an in depth essay outline. Creating an outline for an essay is actually an important step to do before writing a paper.

3. Next, the pupil can easily write the paper, following the outline of the essay. The tutor will then assist the pupil in creating a rough draft of the paper. The pupil can go through the paper again from the start

In present scenario, English is that only language which is in high demand; probably, world wide use of this language is making it an essential part of human lives. Whether you are a student or a professional it is for sure that you must have realized the influence of this language in every field. Either it is for an entrance test or for making a good career in any industry, everyone need to have a good knowledge of this queen’s language. For people, who are going to appear in any examination it can be quiet difficult to learn English by their own; in such situation it is apt for them to hire an English tutor to get a good command over English.

People, who reside in New York City, can easily get perfect solution for learning English with a tutor. In New York, there are many tutors to assist students and professionals in getting familiar with terminology of this language so that they may clear the exam without any hassle. If you are a student or a job seeker and facing obstacles in getting success just because of less knowledge of English then it can help you out in moving

The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Volume 2: The Romantic Period through the Twentieth Century (Norton Anthology of English Literature) The Norton Anthology of English Literature is a well-known English literary studies supplement for many undergraduate and some graduate-level students. Works included in the anthology (or other Norton Anthologies) are seen as having reached canonicity. Published by the W. W. Norton and Company, the NAEL is divided into two volumes, separating the late Mediaeval era and the Renaissance (Chaucer, Shakespeare, etc.) from the Romantic, Victorian, and Modern eras of English literature.

The majority of tertiary institutions use these books as set pieces for introductions to Shakespeare, Blake, Tennyson, or Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, among many others.

In Volume 1, it explores extensively the very core of English literature from the Middle Ages, including Cædmon’s Hymn to Beowulf, moving on to Milton’s Paradise Lost.

The Middle Ages, the 16th century, the early 17th century, the 18th century, the Romantic Era, the Victorian Age, and 20th Century English literature are all well represented.

An anthology, literally “a garland” or “collection of flowers”, is a collection of literary works, originally of poems, but its usage has broadened to be applied to collections of short stories and


Churches and Cathedrals play a major role in the social life of England. In addition to being places of worship, they also serve as important landmarks for major historical events. They reflect the customs and traditions of the English as many of them have been standing there for several centuries. They also serve as a center of religious unity and Christians from all sections visit churches on Sunday to worship the Almighty. This also serve as a regional gathering and evokes a sense of unity among the people when they are all gathered together. Both the unity and the devotion helps them in maintaining a peaceful and harmonious social and personal life.


Churches and Cathedrals have been of prime importance in the United Kingdom for several centuries now. English Cathedrals can be traced back to a period of 400 years whereas the oldest English church is more than 1300 years old. The oldest English church was built in the year 654 A.D. whereas the oldest surviving parish church was constructed in 670 A.D.

Three types of churches were built in the olden days. They were “The Cathedral Churches”, “The Collegiate Churches” and “The Local Churches”. As per the system of hierarchy

English majors are subject to take a variety of advanced literature courses. These higher-level courses delve into great detail about how to read various forms of writing, including fiction, poetry, essay, and drama. Writing types are broken down and explored on several different levels, instilling a great appreciation of the world of literature. With drama (also known as a play) students learn about several different components, one of which is the Elements of Drama.

The elements of drama include the plot, character, dialogue, staging, and theme. As students explore each element on an individual level, the analysis helps to see how it fits in conjunction with the other elements. Each analysis is followed by an act of synthesis, in which all of the elements are put into a relationship with one another.

The plot is the structure of a play’s action. It encompasses what happens in a play, the order of the incidents, and their arrangement and form. A traditional plot structure consists of an exposition – background information for the plot development, rising action – a set of conflicts and crises, climax – the play’s most decisive crisis, and falling action – a follow-up that generates resolution. The ultimate objective of

7 tricks for landing a GREAT job teaching English as a second language and
keeping it

Have you dreamed of living in a foreign country, traveling
around the world, or meeting new people and experiencing new cultures?

Maybe you have, and thought that it was inaccessible or out
of reach. Let me tell you, it’s not!

Like you, I had a keen interest in international travel,
and wanted to get out of the USA.

I was a somewhat seasoned IT professional. Life was great,
until the bottom fell out of the IT Market in the 90’s. . . I realized that I
was competing against people from all around the world, in a market I wasn’t
really that interested in, and that if I wanted to stay ahead, it was going to
require continual study, certification and re-certification for the rest of my

So I decided to take off. Initially, I worked for a
management consulting company in India that outsourced Contact and Call centers
from the West. I did really well, and ended up being a vice president of that
company. Later, I taught English in China, India, and finally, in Thailand,
where I’ve stayed ever since.

Teaching English

English is unlike many other GCSE subjects because, certainly in the case of English language, there are few, if any, hard facts to remember. However, this does not mean that it is unnecessary to revise for English GCSE. In fact, effective, thorough revision will play a key part in your performance in the examination, just like any other subject.

Before we get down to the nitty gritty of revision, it’s probably worth reminding yourself as to what you will come up against in the GCSE examination. English syllabuses vary across the country, but you’ll almost certainly be required to write essays, in the form of your own creative writing, writing to explain, describe or inform and writing to argue, persuade or advise. You’ll also be asked to read one or more fiction and non-fiction or media texts and to answer questions in response to them.

It is therefore relatively easy to divide the English syllabus up into chunks and to concentrate on one chunk at a time. A decent revision guide, either online or in print, can help to lead you through the various techniques that you’ll need to answer each type of question, but to try to find one that is

The question raised in part 1 of this two-part article was, “Which type of test is best for formal and summative evaluations designed to assess language learning and ability or language level?” Of the five categories of assessment: Placement assessment, Formative assessment, Diagnostic assessment, Summative evaluation, and Self- assessment. (Cucchiarelli, Panti, Valenti, 2000), we identified aspects of Formative assessment and Summative evaluation. In my opinion, English language evaluations should be done using language performance assessments. In this, part 2 of the article, we’ll examine some reasons why.

The Common European Framework

In the Common European Framework of language teaching and learning, a rubric in the form of a series of “Can” statements is used to aid in assessing language skills and performance. These “can” statements range in level from A1, A2 basic levels through B1, B2 intermediate levels up to C1, C2 advanced levels. These are proving to be highly effective in learner English language performance skills evaluation on a global level since they provide standardized points of reference for both teachers and learners.

In demonstrating language skills, prospective employers, higher-education program administrators, business clients and recipients of business correspondence do not base their continued contact on how much you “know” about language,

With the continuing expansion of English as an integral communications tool for education, science, technology, business and commerce, post-secondary education technical students are increasingly finding themselves in positions requiring them to manage high-technology studies in technical English. If you teach EFL, technical or business English, or teach a technical subject in English, you can use ESP workshops to successfully promote enhanced reading and comprehension in LEP learners.

A group of my Limited English Proficiency (LEP) students studying an Electronic Engineering class on antenna design had an American textbook in English, so it was necessary for me to convert chapters of the text into a series of ESP reading and comprehension workshops designed to allow the students to practice strategies for de-constructing the written text as an aid to understanding it.

A Series of Workshops

When my LEP Spanish-speaking Law faculty students were required to study aspects of Capital Punishment used in the USA, I again produced a series of materials as both written workshops and full multi-media presentations.

For my LEP Economics students to do comparative population studies of Colombia (population 44,222,000) with:

o South Korea (population 47,700,000)

o Poland (population 38,587,000)

o Argentina (population 38,428,000)

o South Africa (population 45,026,000)

o Ukraine (population 48,523,000)

A series of ESP workshops

The history of English runes transverses several countries. The ancient characters were used in Scandinavia and Teutonic countries before they made themselves known in Anglo Saxon territories. The first users were the East Goths who probably derived the lettering from ancient Hellenic-Italic glyphs. The Goths began carving them on wood and stone around 300 A.D. The word rune comes from an early Anglo-Saxon word that means “secret” or “mystery.”

These English Runes looked like small tablets and were carved on wood, stone or gemstones. The markings themselves consisted of a few curved and straight lines. There were two types of alphabets used. One called the Futhark consisted of 24 runes and one called the Futharks contained 16 runes. In the history of the English Runes the Futhark runes are also sometimes called the “town” runes.

The town runes were used by many cultures throughout North Europe, Iceland, England, Scotland and Ireland. As their origins were Hellenic, Germanic and Nordic they were seen as pagan so the form of writing and divining was not considered to be very Christian. The arrival of Christianity in England did not make their use obsolete but their use was more hidden. Many ancient churches in England have

Use the Soccer World Cup in Germany as an English Language Teaching Tool?
No, I’m not kidding. Using popular events like the soccer world cup in Germany to teach English is in fact, practical. The learners’ Affective Filter (Krashen and Terrell, 1983) is so low using events like these to teach English, “a cockroach could leap over it”.

Can you imagine the reactions of my learners when I announced, “For English class everybody has to watch the world cup matches”?

“That’s great!” “Teacher, you’re the best!” “Oh man, we’ve never had an English assignment like that before!”

Although not a huge soccer fan myself, I did think it would be interesting to see matches between teams you know never get to play each other during a regular season. Italy vs. Ghana? The USA vs. the Czech Republic? Holland vs. Ivory Coast? Awesome!

To work the games in to English language practice, learners must use their skills in a number of different ways by applying Task-Based Learning (J. Willis, 1998) in addition to some Content-Based Instruction (Richards and Rogers, 1993). Do Ghana and Italy do business together? If so, what kinds of products or services? Useful activities for learners include ones such as:

o Preparing and

Learning to speak English well may be the best thing you can do to improve your life.

That’s right. Do you think it would be fun to have access to information that other people can’t get? Talk and write letters to interesting people that others can’t communicate with? Impress people around you whenever you opened your mouth? Make big jumps in your career, leaving others miles behind?

You can get all this if you speak English well.

Get access to knowledge

What are you interested in? Is it science? Music? Computers? Health? Business? Sports? Today’s media — such as the Internet, television, and the press — give you almost unlimited access to knowledge about your favorite subjects. After all, we live in the information age, don’t we?

There’s only one problem. Most of this knowledge is in English.

Here are some examples of knowledge you can use if you know English:

  • Most pages on the Web. That’s over a billion (1,000,000,000) pages of information! It’s amazing that learning just one language gives you access to almost all knowledge on the Internet.
  • Books — on any subject, from all over the world. Read books by British or American authors, and books translated from other languages. Whatever you’re interested in,

Webster’s dictionary defines English as the application to apply the principles of English pronunciation, spelling, etc. (Webster’s 2004). The English language has clearly changed in pronunciation over the years. For example, the sentence, “Mom, do you wish me to unload the groceries?” is now said shorter like: “Ma, do ya want me to get the bags?” In our fast past society, we sometimes forget to utilize proper English and indeed some of us have forgotten to use it at all.

What are the specific “rules” today when teaching children the English Language? Dean, a former third grade teacher says, “Students are just not reading-nor are they writing enough in today’s world.. .furthermore, I can remember enjoying reading aloud, I even read a book in the top of my front yard overlooking the green grass and hillsides. Once I even read a book on a rubber raft in Lake Tahoe–an almost unforgettable experience.” Students are not used to reading in the year 2004, and thus, they need to be reminded at times to stay on task, and we must instruct them to that it’s fine to let a book take their breath away!

In my own personal life, years before any understanding of

As long as the teacher is finished with the academics and pre-requisite requirements in teaching English as the Second Language or a graduate of a baccalaureate course having English as the major field of study in the academic years, then this non-native speaker of English has the capability on delivering English lessons to the students, especially the young learners to learn English as the Second Language.

Non-native English Teachers are equipped with sufficient knowledge and skills for these youngsters to learn English. During the time where these non-native teachers are still on the process of learning how to teach English, all the possible problems to arise were thoroughly discussed and evaluated. In fact, most of the resources and references used in learning the language and on how to impart it came and were written by prominent personalities like Avram Noah Chomsky, Zellig Harris and more are native English speakers and a language enthusiast themselves. Furthermore, other references, techniques and strategies on how to impart English as the Second Language which were then authored purely by English Speakers were adapted by these non-native English Teachers.

Today most non-native English speaking countries are hiring English Teachers for their young generation. This is an obvious

Pupils and students the world over may need extra tuition owing to the fact that they may have weaknesses in one area or another. In a bid to overcome these weaknesses the students may need extra coaching in the various subjects. They may need coaching in Science, English or math. Some tuition centres have assisted students to excel in their grades despite the fact that they were initially very weak in the various subjects. The English language is one of the areas that challenge many people who use English as their second language.

Students can be coached in a tuition centre to overcome the various challenges in the use of the English language. The use of oral and written English is a major challenge to people who use English as their second language. Pupils from Primary 1 to Secondary 4 can get assistance from the centre to help improve their oral and written English.

English is the most widely used media of communication in the world. With over two billion users across the globe the language is used for business, science and day to day communication. The use of the language helps people to communicate their thoughts and feelings. The better one

The ACT exam results for the 2010 high school graduating class are being released. The ACTs are used as part of admissions to colleges and universities, and the results show that barely 25 percent of high school graduates are prepared for entry level English Composition (ENC 1101) courses alone. At the same time, not all colleges and universities require that students take English Composition – or subjects such as math and science that are also on the ACT.

The American Council of Trustees and Alumni believes so strongly in the value of subjects such as English Comp that its members graded institutions on their core requirements. ENC 1101 courses provide students the ability to write clearly and accurately, enabling them to better participate in the workforce and society, according to the council’s “What Will They Learn?” website. The site also mentions a survey where employers reported that having excellent writing and reading skills that are a part of English Comp to be important.

For What Will They Learn, the Council gathered information on more than 700 institutions throughout the United States and found that 77 percent of them made ENC 1101 courses a requirement. Even fewer require courses in the other subject

If you are aiming to improve your understanding, you need to learn how to speak English. It is your access to knowledge. You can get hold of valuable information if you understand and speak English.

It is true that the English language can improve your life. Most textbooks and online references are in English. Furthermore, a large percentage of the world’s population speak English. You will be out of the league if you can’t understand or if you can’t speak English.

If you know how to speak English fluently, you can make big leaps in your career. It is always an advantage that you are fluent in the use of the English language especially if you are in an international company. Other than career purposes, learning English language will be beneficial on the following cases:

o Travel. English is an international language. This being said, you will not have to worry about being totally misunderstood if you go to different countries. As long as you speak or understand English, there will always be someone that you can talk to.

o Study. Method of instruction in schools is mostly English. School subjects like Science, Math, History, Geography and others are all taught in English. It