The benefits of a TEFL, TESL or TESOL certificate when searching for an ESL teaching job cannot be overstated. Although it may technically be possible to get an ESL teaching job without the traditional certification, you will likely find that the types of jobs available to you will be severely limited. For instance, if you hope to one day be able to teach English in any of the more popular European countries such as France, Germany, Italy, or Spain then you will find your chances to be nearly non-existent without a TESOL or equivalent certificate. However, you may wonder why you need a certificate in order to teach English abroad. There are many reasons, but perhaps the most important is that it demonstrates a level of competence in a very specialized field.

ESL teaching is not like all other forms of teaching. There are many unique challenges and techniques that an ESL teacher will need to draw upon in order to be effective, and many of these are taught in TESOL certificate programs. A potential employer can rest assured that certain standards will be met by certified teachers, and they can also be sure that the teachers they hire will be

Viva la Revolution

A revolution is in progress. It’s tranquil and orderly in places, but not so quiet in others. This revolution has swept up the academic world almost in its entirety from students to TEFL teachers and professors, administrators, curriculum designers and materials developers. It’s creating new jobs while obsoleting others. It’s altering the face and structure of the teaching, learning and language acquisition processes. The focus of the hubbub can be summed up in three key words: testing, evaluation and assessment. These three words can strike fear and terror into the hearts of teachers and students alike on a daily basis.

Of the five categories of assessment: Placement assessment, Formative assessment, Diagnostic assessment, Summative evaluation, and Self- assessment. (Cucchiarelli, Panti, Valenti, 2000). We will consider aspects of Formative assessment and Summative evaluation.

Formal or Formative assessment such as Progress tests and semester partial exams, provide ongoing monitoring of student progress and are used by the teacher to gather feedback in order to adjust the educational process to insure that learning is occurring and to correct learning errors. (King and Rowe, 1997)

In Summative evaluation such as achievement tests and final exams, a grade or score is received at the end of a

I’m not good at writing, really. But it takes a lot of practice as my foreign teachers told us.

He told us not to only memorize vocabularies but to make use of them. He made us listened to songs and watched movies (some of which were really awful) 🙂

Then he would ask us what we saw or heard. Like the movie “Dragon Heart”

He then wrote what we say on the board, sometimes to a maximum of ten words at a time but it is always about five or six and explained the meaning to us.

Example: We would say

1) Flying animal, which is “Dragon” (we must add an adjective in front)

2) Arrow= He corrected it to “Bows and Arrows”

3) Arrow shoot in backside = “Arrow hit his backside/bottom/butt”

4) Riding horse= “Horseback riding”

5) Prince (add an adjective in front)

We were first told to make 3 sentences with each word, using Past/Present/future tenses

Then with these five words we were told to make a funny short story in our own words minimum 50 to maximum 100.

I will write something like this:

“One day, an Ugly Prince went horseback riding in the forest, then he saw a Majestic Dragon flying above him. The Ugly Prince took out

Four skills exist in completely learning a language: speaking, reading, writing and listening. Listening requires extensive concentration and practice. Babies listen for a couple years before they are able to effectively communicate their language. Listening is one of the most important skills you can possess in developing full English comprehension. Throughout your learning experience, it`s important to remember why you are learning English. This will increase your drive to succeed and improve your listening skills.

1. Watch English content on TV, listen to the radio or watch online videos. Listen closely to develop sentence structure, intonation, interpretation and accent. Hearing the same word frequently can be the best way to develop you English vocabulary. You will eventually be able to imitate what you hear and say it with confidence. Having a radio or TV on in the background can help you learn, even when you are not giving it your full attention.

2. Accept that you are not going to understand everything right away. Don`t worry too much if you don`t understand, even if it`s for a long time. Pay attention to key words. These words will paint a larger picture so you can comprehend the gist of what the person is

Many people who immigrate to America do not know the language well. They might be able to get around and carry on a conversation, but it would be difficult for them to do well in the workplace. Having the ability to speak two languages has many advantages in the workplace. If you are considering immigrating to the United States, then you will want to look into ESL schools where you can learn English. Other options might be large universities that offer help for those desiring to become adept at two languages.

If you do decide that you would like to take ESL classes in order to learn English as a second language, you will want to check on a few areas. Make sure that the institution you choose has a good program that they are well known for. You can check out a school’s reputation on the Internet or ask a contact that you have in the United States.

Make sure that you will be able to afford attending the school. If you are offered a scholarship, you should speak with the individual from the United States that is helping you. They may be able to help you find out whether or

This is among the various CLEP exams that are administered by the College Board as a means of testing people’s knowledge in relevant fields. Due to the fact that about three thousand colleges give credit for the English Literature Exam, many of those who would like to go to college like to take it. When you pass, you will skip some introductory lessons as you join college.

The English Literature exam covers a number of topics, which you need to be knowledgeable in. These include:

* 60%-65% – Follow imagery patterns, identifying characteristics of style, and the comprehension of reasoning of literary criticism excerpts; analyzing form elements, perceive meanings, identifying mood and tone.

* 35%-45% – Knowledge of significant authors, literary background, literary references, literary terms, and metrical patterns.

There are 95 questions with multiple choices in the English Literature exam that have to be answered in one hour and a half. Some institutions may also ask for an essay section that they will grade themselves, which is optional. In this section, you will be required to cover two themes within ninety minutes.

Unofficial score report is issued after the exam, which is graded from 20-80. According to the American Council on Education, you need

It is common in other parts of the world for people to speak English in addition to their native tongue, so some people shrug off the idea of learning another language. But there are many reasons to learn a foreign language, from being able to communicate better with loved ones to understanding a new culture. Here are four tips for learning a new language:

Choose a language you want to learn

If you love French cinema and dream of living in Paris, don’t forgo learning French in order study Mandarin Chinese. If you know you want to learn a new language but don’t know which ones to choose, start by checking the availability of resources and classes in your area. You will have more options if you decide to learn the language on your own, but if you want to take classes, see which ones fit into your schedule.

Dedicate yourself

You will get out what you put in, and it takes a lot of hard work and practice for a new language to click. Take an active approach to learning. You will not absorb new vocabulary by showing up to class and daydreaming for an hour. Set aside time

Normally an English test contains reading and listening sections in order to assess the candidates’ two basic lingual skills. Numerous researchers have been taking effort to improve the test materials to make the assessment more accurate. Despite the improvements, English tests are widely considered not reflecting the examinee’s actual ability, much less trustable than those of other disciplines, such as mathematics, electronics.

One reason is, unlike other disciplines, in which the answers normally can not be found in the material, English listening and reading test materials contain all the answers. Candidates are required to find out the answers in English listening and reading tests but to think out the answers in other disciplines’. To find out requires less ability than to think out.

Often, to find out the answers doesn’t need comprehension of the passage. First, in reading section, the question and answer choices (QACs) are accompanied with the passages, such that the candidates tend to search something in the passages for solution. As long as solution is found, reading is stopped. In many cases, comprehension never really occurs despite this section is often called reading comprehension. It is not strange that having passed IELTS test, many students found difficult to comprehend

Get A Better Dog Through Dog Training

A service dog never happens immediately for the dog has to be trained well for this function and Columbia SC dog training can do this. For the dog to become a better dog, the dog has to be trained and you have to make sure that the training given to the dog is the one that would work well for its breed. Columbia SC dog training can be said as the best dog training ground that every dog lover could ever have.

One of the dog training methods that is used to make your dog a better dog is the praise and reward method wherein the dog will be praised and rewarded whenever he obeys and do what is being told and the reward or praise can be used as his motivation. When you go to professional dog training centers, you will learn how the praise and reward method has been very useful when it comes to training dogs and making them become better dogs.

The praise and reward method for dog training is also a kind of training that would target the emotional bond between the dog trainer and the dog, wherein one would get

Many students are having a pretty tough go of it in the United States when it comes to English Class and punctuation. First, for nearly 15% of the students in the US, English is not the language they speak at home. Second, most of the kids are now using mobile tech devices, in which they text message their friends, thus, that throws out all hope for sentence structure, punctuation, and spelling? Well, forget it, it’s all about tricky abbreviations these days, get use to it folks.

Not long ago an acquaintance stated; “I was not the best student in public school so I never learned proper punctuation so if you notice I don’t punctuate, well that is why.” At first I was a little taken aback by this comment, and yet, I got to thinking, he’s in good company with 75% of American Students, so, he’s just a little ahead of his time is all.

Now one must also realize that punctuation are rules created by control freaks of academia, who work to condition you to a life fraught with authoritative control. In reality punctuation rules have evolved like anything else, including language and spelling. Today, it is again evolving at such

Before we relate the story of Thomas Tompion, the father of English watchmaking, there is one oversight I must clarify regarding fusee clocks.

Under no circumstances whatever must they be let down in any other way than running down. In other words, whatever you do, do not try to place a large key on the barrel square and attempt to lift the click, or ratchet, from the ratchet wheel. This will most certainly end in tears!

These springs are extremely powerful, and the way to let them down safely is to remove the pallets and let the clock run down, controlling its speed by touching the escape wheel periodically so as to keep the rate at a reasonable pace. The same goes for the strike and chime trains, of course, if the clock’s a three train. I should have clarified this in the last article, and my apologies for not doing so.

Now then – Thomas Tompion, referred to as the father of English watchmaking for a number of very good reasons. Born in 1639 to a Bedfordshire blacksmith, he himself practiced the trade until 1664. It was then that he became apprenticed to a London watchmaker whose name is lost to history.


Many languages are different from English in regard to semantics, syntax and grammar. Although there are a variety of differences, this paper researches article use, misuse and acquisition. I predict that speakers of languages other than English which lack an article system (Korean, Russian, Polish and Japanese) will demonstrate language transfer errors within the English article system, a/an, the, or zero, when learning to speak English. Research suggests that non-native speakers of English will make errors when speaking English if their native language lacks articles.

Ionin, Ko and Wexler (2003) tested the linguistic theory of L2-acquisition as it relates to article use. They predicted that Korean and Russian English language learners will overuse the article the in specific and non-specific definite and indefinite contexts. In a 2004 study, Ekiert examined the acquisition and misuse of the English article system by speakers of Polish who were studying English in ESL and EFL settings. Neal Snape, 2004, examined article use by Japanese and Spanish English language learners and proposed that due to L2 acquisition processes, all English language learners would make systematic transfer errors regarding the English articles.

In a 2003 analysis done by Ionin, Ko and Wexler, Russian and Korean English language learners

Most people believe that if your child does not go to public or private school that they are being homeschooled. Maybe or maybe not. That depends on who you ask and what definition of homeschooling you follow.


School-at-home is generally considered at school curriculum administered at home. Sources of the curriculum might be the public school system, private school system, or an independent full curriculum distance school.

The pros of school-at-home are numerous but let’s choose two pros that are particularly interesting to people who never thought they would homeschool.

The first pro is that the entire curriculum is administered by a school, whether it is a local school or a distance learning school. This means that they generally interface with your state’s department of education to make sure that you are educating at home legally. Sometimes the local or distance school will also have accreditation. What this used to mean is that your child’s diploma would hold the same weight as a private or public school diploma but that is not exactly the case anymore. I will tell you a bit more about that shortly.

The second major pro of school-at-home is the idea that everything, the entire curriculum comes as a package.

Teaching a child to speak English is so easy. Here are some tips for parents and teachers to heed.

1. English must be spoken at home and in school

Yes, a child who is surrounded with people speaking the language would definitely learn the language. Nary reason why he could not learn it from the bombardment, left and right, coming from his siblings, parents, classmates and teachers alike.

2. Is heard on TV, movie, etc.

A child exposes himself to cartoons say Disney Channel would surely learn to speak the language sans the aid of people around. He would mimic the dialogue and consequently utter them when he is with his playmates, teachers and siblings. Yes, there is magic in exposing your child to media for their own language acquisition.

3. A child who is always read to by parents learns the language easier than his counterpart

Before going to bed or what, during Sundays or family days reading to a child stories in English might enhance his speaking skills using the language. Listening skills as well, together with his vocabulary power be used in understanding the story. Making his own interpretation based on his prior knowledge and all– which is more important than memorizing facts–

With more than 988,000 words in the English language (according to the Global Language Monitor), one would be justified in assuming that there would me more than enough to describe any situation, feeling or item. Yet, in the Inuit, English & Sami languages, there are several hundred words to describe one English word: snow. For most of us, that one word is sufficient, yet, the further north we go, the greater the need for better descriptors of the white stuff. Situations often demand better vocabulary options than the language offers.

Recently, my doctor asked me to describe the level of pain that he understood me to be experiencing with a torn shoulder tendon. “On a scale of one to ten…” he suggested. I could not rank my experience in that manner. In fact, his interpretation of pain was radically different from mine.

Pain is one of those words that is completely inadequate in the English language.

A few years ago, I had a tooth that was not decaying, but had some nerve damage and slowly was loosening. On a daily basis, I experienced significant discomfort, but it was not a classic toothache. It did not “ache.” However, from time to time, in addition

Intrinsic Motivation – A Most Powerful Force!

What an incredible tool for motivating adult English language learners. It is at the heart of first-language acquisition and naturally most effective for acquiring second language. The challenge for adults is to make the second-language process more like the first-language process: make it meaningful, make it real, and make it active.

An inner stimulus is at the base of our being, that urge that keeps us vital, that fundamental drive that compels us to learn. When we interact with language in an intrinsically motivating way we tap a ultra-natural process which implants the language in our long-term memory. That is what we bring to our language learners when we make the lessons come alive with meaning and interactivity.

Do you recall how you acquired your first language? Do you have memories of magical moments of learning as you worked to gain competency at some communication skill: the early grasp of a new word, a school paper, a reading assignment, or having completed a book that mesmerized you. If those images are vague, try remembering the times when you found yourself fully involved in any form of discovery. Your learning capacity felt limitless, and often the only

Freelance-Writing.1Freelance writing lets you share your knowledge and skills with a broad audience. Opportunities to get paid for your articles are available online and in traditional print media. Generally speaking, you have a better chance of getting paid for articles if you produce content that demonstrates your expertise. Enrolling in an English composition class or a non-fiction writers workshop can help you hone your craft before seeking paid opportunities.


1. Identify online media companies that use freelance writers to produce high-volume content. Such companies usually place advertisements seeking freelance writers and online applications on their websites. In your application, include your areas of expertise and samples of your best work. Once you are approved, media companies typically let you know what types of articles they want you to write and how much you will be paid.

2. Compile a list of magazines and newspapers that accept submissions from free-lance writers. Focus your search on publications in your area that look for articles of local interest, or on particular publications that specialize in a particular topic you have expertise in. Draft a query letter that includes a brief introduction and a detailed outline